Contributed by: Maxim Myslivets and Elizabeth Burdakova, Russia
In this study we investigated elastomeric materials based on natural rubber used in the manufacture of rubber and rubber-metal vibration isolators. Basic anti-vibration properties were identified and stability over time was predicted. To achieve the objectives, tests were conducted on a mechanical oscilloscope Yerzley AYO-IV.
According to the research (Figure 1), we observed that replacement of the active carbon black N220 with high structural properties on the active carbon black К-354 and P-234 with a low index of structural in the ratio 1: 1 leads to a slight increase in such parameters as static and dynamic modules, hysteresis loss, and also to reduction of the coefficient of elasticity and vibration isolation.
To predict the stability of the main anti-vibration characteristics of the test material we were applied accelerated aging method according to GOST (Russian National Standard ) – 9.707 and method of prediction changes of properties during thermal aging according to GOST (Russian National Standard ) – 9.713.
According the results of the research we were constructed the graphics of combined curves (Figures 2, 3 and 4).
The replacement of the active carbon black К-354 and P-234 on the active carbon black N220 in the elastomeric material based on natural rubber led to an increase in the stability of anti-vibration characteristics in the first years of using. However, lately no significant difference was observed.